From being a struggling farmer’s son to a friar to a scientist-The inspiring life journey of Gregor Mendel! Know about his Mendelian inheritance laws!

From being a struggling farmer’s son to a friar to a scientist-The inspiring life journey of Gregor Mendel! Know about his Mendelian inheritance laws!

Facts of Gregor Mendel

Full Name: Gregor Mendel
Age: 200 years 2 months
Birth Date: July 20, 1822
Horoscope: Cancer
Lucky Number: 6
Lucky Stone: Moonstone
Lucky Color: Silver
Best Match for Marriage: Taurus, Pisces, Scorpio
Death Date: January 06, 1884
Birth Place: Hynčice, Vražné, Czechia
Father's Name: Anton Mendel
Mother's Name: Rosine Mendel
Marital Status: Not Known
Gender: male
Profession: scientist
Education: Palacký University Olomouc (1840–1843), University of Vienna
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Who would have thought that a farmer’s son would one day become the world’s greatest scientist? But this is true for the life of Gregor Mendel!

Gregor Mendel’s life beginnings and childhood days

Gregor Mendel’s life started on a farm in Hynčice (Heinzendorf bei Odrau in German), at the MoravianSilesian border, the Austrian Empire (now a part of the Czech Republic). The date was 20 July 1822. His parents Anton and Rosine Mendel were German-speaking and worked on their farm which was owned by the Mendel family for over 130 years. Gregor’s elder sister was Veronika and he had a younger one called Theresia.

Source: Famous People (Gregor Mendel)

During his childhood, Gregor got involved with farm work and learned to do gardening and beekeeping. He used to also attend gym sessions. He went on to study philosophy at the Philosophical Institute of the University of Olomouc.  He also studied Physics at the University of Vienna.

Gregor could not finance his studies and hence he took up part-time work of a friar. This helped him get free education and also some money to sustain himself and his family. His birth name was Johann Mendel and he took the name of Gregor after he joined the friars.

Gregor Mendel experiments on plant hybridization

Gregor carried out some experiments on plants and their variations at the monastery where he was the friar and in 1868 elevated to an abbot. He used the edible common pea to do his tests. He studied the 7 traits of pea-seed shape, flower color, seed coat tint, pod shape, unripe pod color, flower location, and plant height.

Source: YouTube (Gregor Mendel)

Studying a huge variety of these plants, he made two generalizations namely the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment. These were later called the Mendelian Laws of Inheritance. He found out that when tall plants were crossed with short plants, one in 4 plants were purebred recessive traits, 2 in 4 were hybrids, and 1 in 4 was purebred dominant.

Gregor Mendel work presentation and the reception

Mendel presented his work at 2 meetings in Moravia in 1865. It was largely ignored by the scientific community. He published his work but it was less often cited and his work was mainly criticized though later it is considered a seminal work. This Mendel did not get the attention that he deserved and it was only later that people came to know and understand it and he was labeled as the father of modern genetics. His work was also the foundation of more advanced work later on.

Source: Famous Scientists (Gregor Mendel)

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Gregor Mendel other works

Gregor tried to study and experiment on mice but it was not liked by his monastery. He also studied bees, astronomy, and meteorology. He also did experiments on hawkweed and published and presented his work which was given a little more attention than his earlier study on peas.

Source: Wikipedia (Gregor Mendel)

His work on inheritance was rediscovered in 1900 after his death. His work was replicated and found to be true.

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Gregor Mendel death

Source: Linda Hall Library (Gregor Mendel and his postal stamp)

Gregor got elevated to the post of an abbot in 1868 and after that, he was so overburdened with administrative work that he found absolutely no time to spare for his experiments and research. He died on 6 January 1884 in BrnoMoraviaAustria-Hungary (now the Czech Republic). It was due to chronic hepatitis and he was 61 years old at that time. Some websites have mentioned that he died of Kidney problems.

Was Gregor Mendel married?

Gregor Mendel was a monk and lived a life of celibacy. He had no wife, never married, and had no girlfriends or relationships. He was childless.

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