Facts of Leonardo da Vinci
|Full Name:||Leonardo da Vinci|
|Age:||68 years 2 months|
|Birth Date:||April 15, 1952|
|Best Match for Marriage:||Leo|
|Birth Place:||Anchiano, Italy|
|Father's Name:||Ser Piero da Vinci|
|Marital Status:||Not Known|
|Profession:||polymath of the Renaissance|
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This Italian polymath is best known in the field of art. He was a renowned painter, scientist, inventor and is known for being an influential and prominent painter of the Renaissance era. He also dominated in the arena of Mathematics, sculpture, architecture, and engineering. His best works include ‘The Last Supper’ and ‘Mona Lisa’.
Leonardo da Vinci Birth
Leonardo da Vinci was born on 15 April 1452 in Vinci, Italy. This is situated 25 miles west of Florence. He was born to unmarried parents and hence was illegitimate. His father was Ser Piero da Vinci who was a prominent notary in Florence while his mother was Caterina, a local woman. It is said that he had 12 siblings-9 brothers and 3 sisters. There is no more detail about his childhood and education.
His father had placed him as an apprentice with Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488) who at that time was one of the leading artists of Florence and the early Renaissance. Verrocchio was a sculptor, painter, and also a goldsmith. He was a remarkable craftsman and was good at recreating and expressing the vitality of the human figure. These were the foundations for Leonardo and his impressionable mind picked up all the skills and it got molded into his artistic style. Leonardo is known to be picking and amalgamating tradition into his art rather than contradicting it.
Leonardo da Vinci earlier career and paintings
After completing his apprenticeship, Leonardo continued with Verrocchio as an assistant. His earliest work was Verrocchio’s Baptism of Christ made in 1475. He had painted one of the two angels, the landscape, and also did the final touches to the figure of Christ. His paintings bore a resemblance to the original and he was responsible for making the piece soft.
Leonardo da Vinci independent work
In 1478, Leonardo set up his studio. He made a masterpiece for the Church’s altarpiece earning a handsome commission in the process. This piece was called Adoration of the Magi. In it, he had painted a crowd of spectators with different faces who were looking at the main group of the Virgin and Child. His placement of the Virgin and Child in the center was magical.
He followed three principles of linear perspective, clarity, and color to his paintings and they stood out well. He had made a mention of these in his paintings. However, he could not complete the painting since he had to leave Florence in 1482 to take up the post of the court artist to the Duke of Milan.
Leonardo da Vinci years in Milan (1482-1499)
He worked in many fields in Milan, particularly as a military engineer. Here he made an altarpiece called Virgin of the Rocks. He also made his masterpiece The Last Supper here. In this, he experimented with an oil-based medium but it was unsuccessful and in fifty years it lost its luster and was reduced to a confused series of spots. When the French invaded Milan and overthrew the Duke, Leonardo too left Milan. He traveled to Mantua via Venice.
Back to Florence (1500-1506)
When he returned to Florence, he was welcomed with open arms. His modern methods excited them and he soon became a paragon for the aspiring young artists of his generation. He served as the military engineer to Cesare Borgia. His famous work Mona Lisa was painted during this time. The lady was the young third wife of a Florentine citizen and this piece is considered as a masterpiece. The smile of Mona Lisa is mysterious since it is in the process of either appearing or disappearing.
In 1503, he also began work on a cavalry battle scene which was to adorn the Council Hall of the Palazzo Vecchio. He could not complete the work since he was called back to Milan.
Milan years (1506-1513)
Back in Milan, he had a sculpting job. He did not paint anymore and turned his attention to scientific observations. He has produced some great early anatomical drawings. He did not like Theology, history, and literature.
His last few years
Leonardo went to Rome in 1513. He was revered there but used to stay aloof. He was honored by the French King Francis I (1494-1547) who invited him to his court in Fountainbleau as a painter, mechanic, and architect. He received a country house in Cloux. It was here that he died on 2 May 1519.
His personal life
His personal life is fraught with speculations and a lack of clarity. He is said to never have been in any relationships, had never married, and had no children.